Welcome to the Chilean Plants Cytogenetic Database, a comprehensive catalogue of plant cytogenetic data. Chromosome number (2n), karyotype morphology, nuclear DNA content, banding patterns and/or FISH are currently available for 402 Chilean species (95 Bryophyta, 24 Pteridophyta, four Pinophyta and 279 Magnoliophyta), all based on 110 assembled references.

Four divisions 100 families 198 genera 402 species
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Current species name Species name according to references Geographic origin 2n Karyotype Formula Banding C value FISH Reference Others
Division: Pinophyta
   Araucariaceae
     Araucaria araucana Araucaria araucana 26 25.8 PRICE, H., A. SPARROW & A. NAUMAN. (1973) Evolutionary and developmental considerations of the variability of nuclear parameters in higher plants. I. Genome volume, interphase chromosome volume, and estimated DNA content of 236 gymnosperms. Brookhaven Symposia in Biology 25: 390-421.
      Araucaria araucana Araucaria araucana 22.7 ZONNEVELD, B. (2012) Genome size of all 19 Araucaria species are correlated with their geographic distribution. Plant Systematics and Evolution 298: 1249- 1255.
   Cupressaceae
      Austrocedrus chilensis Austrocedrus chilensis 22 21.7 PRICE, H., A. SPARROW & A. NAUMAN. (1973) Evolutionary and developmental considerations of the variability of nuclear parameters in higher plants. I. Genome volume, interphase chromosome volume, and estimated DNA content of 236 gymnosperms. Brookhaven Symposia in Biology 25: 390-421.
      Fitzroya cupressoides Fitzroya cupressoides 44 10.2 PRICE, H., A. SPARROW & A. NAUMAN. (1973) Evolutionary and developmental considerations of the variability of nuclear parameters in higher plants. I. Genome volume, interphase chromosome volume, and estimated DNA content of 236 gymnosperms. Brookhaven Symposia in Biology 25: 390-421.
      Pilgerodendrum uviferum Pilgerodendrum uviferum Argentina 22 De AZKUE D. (1982) Los cromosomas de Pilgerodendrum uviferum (Don) Flor. Darwiniana 24(1-4):19-22
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Last database update Nov. 2020.

About the Authors

Pedro Jara Seguel
Núcleo de Estudios Ambientales (NEA), Chile.

E-mail: pjara@uct.cl

Jonathan Urrutia Estrada
Laboratorio de Invasiones Biológicas, Chile.

E-mail: jurrutiaestrada@gmail.com

The database should be cited as follows:

The information in this database is provided solely for scholar and academic use, and must not be used for the purposes of financial gain.
Jara-Seguel P. & Urrutia-Estrada J.

Chilean Plants Cytogenetic Database 2020